In India, the rise of nationalism was intricately linked with the opposition of colonialism. The revolt or Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 was the first war of Indian independence.
People realised that they were experiencing a common suffering under the oppressive British colonial rule. This understanding brought the different groups together in their anti-colonial struggle.
The event which proved instrumental in the history of the Indian Freedom Struggle was the First World War India was forced to participate in the First World War in which the British for increasing their defence expenditure levied new taxes on Indians.
Common people were the forced to enrol in the army to fight in the First World War.
During 1918 India was hit by crop failure and shortage of food grains followed by famines and outbreak of influenza.
This harsh social and political situation set the stage for the beginning of the nationalist struggle in India. The Indian freedom movement gained momentum with the coming of Mahatma Gandhi in 1915.
He had successfully tested novel ideas of non-violence and anti-colonial struggle in South Africa. He had fought for the civil He motivated diverse social groups to rise above petty differences of caste, creed, religion, region and work single-mindedly towards the common goal of freedom.