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Current Affairs-April 2019

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CURRENT AFFAIRS april 2019

India

Gagandeep Kang becomes first Indian woman Fellow of the Royal Society

Fellow

Dr Gagandeep Kang became the first Indian woman Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in London. Popularly known as India’s ‘vaccine godmother’, Gagandeep scripted history on 16 April 2019 when she was awarded the prestigious fellowship along with 51 other eminent scientists. Padma Bhushan awardee, Dr Yusuf Hamied from India was elected as Honorary Fellow.

The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a 360-year-old well-respected scientific academy. These scientists join the ranks of Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, Ernest Rutherford, Albert Einstein, Alan Turing and Francis Crick, who were inducted into the Society in its long history.
57-year-old Kang developed an oral vaccine against rotavirus that is known to cause diarrhoea, and has also been credited with building typhoid surveillance networks. She is currently serving as the Executive Director of the Translational Health Sciences and Research Institute, Faridabad.
Kang has also won fellowships from the Royal College of Pathologists, American Academy of Microbiology and the Indian Academy of Sciences. Other awards she has won include the Abbott Oration Award from the Indian Society for Gastroenterology, Dr. Y. S Narayana Rao Oration Award from the Indian Council of Medical Research, Dr. S.C. Parija Oration Award from the Indian Academy of Tropical Parasitology and the Infosys Prize.

For more details, visit https://www.indiatoday.in

Jet Airways temporarily shuts down operations

The Naresh Goyal-led Indian airline operator, Jet Airways, decided to temporarily suspend operations after failing to obtain emergency funding from the consortium of banks led by SBI. The airline, which operated its last flight from Amritsar to Mumbai on 17 April 2019, is under a debt of ₹8,000 crore.
In a statement, Jet Airways said, ‘Over the last several weeks and months, the company has tried every means possible to seek both interim and long-term funding. Unfortunately, despite its very best efforts, the airline has been left with no other choice today but to go ahead with a temporary suspension of flight operations.
This has been a very difficult decision but without interim funding, the airline is simply unable to conduct flight operations in a manner that delivers to the very reasonable expectations of its guests, employees, partners and service providers.’
According to latest reports, Naresh Goyal has offered to infuse ₹250 crore from his own fund to revive the carrier. Goyal stepped down from the board of directors and chairmanship of Jet Airways in April.
For more details, visit https://indianexpress.com

ICMR launches ‘MERA India’ to eliminate malaria

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) launched the ‘Malaria Elimination Research Alliance (MERA) India’ mission on 25 April 2019, which aims to eliminate malaria from the country by 2030. The main objective of launching this alliance, which is a conglomeration of partners, is to prioritise, ideate and carry out research related to malaria control. It also aims at finding ways to scale up the research process.
The World Health Organization (WHO) had previously acknowledged and appreciated the efforts taken by India against the mosquito-borne disease. Following this, the National Vector Borne Diseases Control Programme (NVBDCP) of India developed a comprehensive framework to achieve the objective of ‘Malaria-free India by 2030’.
Addressing the plan, Dr Balram Bhargava, Director General, ICMR, said, ‘Over the past two decades, India has made impressive progress in malaria control. The malaria burden has declined by over 80%, 2.03 million cases in 2000 to 0.39 million in 2018, and malaria deaths by over 90%, 932 deaths in 2000 to 85 in 2018.’
Malaria is transmitted through the bite of infected Anopheles mosquito, belonging to the Plasmodium genus.
For more details, visit https://www.businesstoday.in

Sports

FIFA rankings for 2019 released

The Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) published the world rankings for men’s football on 4 April 2019. The top three positions, occupied by Belgium, France and Brazil, remain unchanged from the previous year. India climbed two ranks and is now placed at 101 position.

The top 10 rank holders

  1. Belgium (1737 points)
  2. France (1734 points)
  3. Brazil (1676 points)
  4. England (1647 points)
  5. Croatia (1621 points)
  6. Uruguay (1613 points)
  7. Portugal (1607 points)
  8. Switzerland (1604 points)
  9. Spain (1601 points)
  10. Denmark (1586 points

FIFA is an organisation that conducts major international football tournaments. It was founded in the year 1904 and is headquartered in Zurich.
For more details, visit https://www.bbc.com

India announces squad for Cricket World Cup 2019

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) on 15 April 2019 announced the squad for the upcoming ICC Men’s Cricket World Cup, scheduled to be held between 30 May 2019 and 14 July 2019 in England and Wales.
The 15-member Indian team includes Virat Kohli (Captain), Rohit Sharma (Vice-captain), Shikhar Dhawan, KL Rahul, Vijay Shankar, MS Dhoni (Wicket-keeper), Kedar Jadhav, Dinesh Karthik, Yuzvendra Chahal, Kuldeep Yadav, Bhuvneshwar Kumar, Jasprit Bumrah, Hardik Pandya, Ravindra Jadeja and Mohammed Shami. Navdeep Saini, Avesh Khan, Khaleel Ahmed and Deepak Chahar will assist the Indian team in the preparation for the World Cup.
For more details, visit https://www.icc-cricket.com

Wrestler Bajrang Punia back at No. 1 spot

In the rankings released by United World Wrestling on 18 April 2019, the world wrestling champion, Bajrang Punia attained the first spot in the men’s freestyle 65-kg category. He regained the title by storming to victory over Sayatbek Okassov (KAZ) in the final at the Asian Championships held in Xi’an, China.
The 25-year-old Indian grappler secured 58 ranking points to stay ahead of Akhmed Chakaev from Russia with 21 points.
Punia is also a recipient of the prestigious Arjuna Award and Padma Shri.
For more details, visit https://unitedworldwrestling.org

Graham Reid appointed as coach of Indian men’s hockey team

India chose former Australian player Graham Reid as the new chief coach of the Indian men’s hockey team. The team had no coach ever since Harendra Singh was sacked after last year’s Hockey World Cup where India lost to the Netherlands in the quarter-finals.
Expressing delight over his new assignment, the 54-year-old said, ‘It’s an honour to be appointed as chief coach of the Indian team. As an opposition coach, I have enjoyed watching the steady rise of one of the most exciting and threatening teams in world hockey. I have a passion for the fast and attacking brand of hockey that India plays which marries closely with the Australian style.’
Reid has played for the Australian national team. He has also played club hockey for the Dutch top team Amsterdam for two seasons.
For more details, visit https://sportstar.thehindu.com

India wins 17 medals in Athletics Championship 2019

India finished the 23rd Asian Athletics Championship 2019 with a haul of 17 medals, including three gold, seven silver and seven bronze.
The list of Indian winners include Tejinder Pal Singh Toor, Gomathi Marimuthu, PU Chitra, Ajay Kumar Saroj, Swapna Barman, Annu Rani, Shivpal Singh, Avinash Sable, Prachi, M R Poovamma, Saritaben Gayakwad, VK Vismaya, Muhammed Anas, Arokia Rajiv, Dutee Chand, Parul Chaudhary, Sanjivani Jadhav, Gavit Murali Kumar and M P Jabir.
The four-day event that concluded in Doha, Qatar on 24 April 2019 saw participation from over 40 nations. China topped the list with 29 medals, followed by Bahrain with 22 medals and Japan with 18 medals.
The previous edition of the event was held in Bhubaneswar in July 2017 where India grabbed 29 medals including 12 gold.
For more details, visit https://www.firstpost.com


Environment

New bird species found in Indonesia

Zoologists have identified two new bird species in the Wakatobi archipelago of Sulawesi in Indonesia. The two species, Wakatobi white-eye and Wangi-wangi white-eye, belong to the white-eye family, which is known to diversify faster than most animal species. This characteristic, in turn, makes them ideal for studying speciation.
Interestingly, the genomic analysis of Wakatobi white-eye has confirmed that it split from its mainland relatives around 800,000 years ago. On the other hand, the scientists also informed that the Wangi-wangi white-eye species is much older, more than a million-years old.
The zoologists belonging to Trinity College, Dublin along with those from the Halu Oleo University (UHO) found these beautiful species, details of which were published in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society on 23 April 2019.
For more details, visit https://www.tcd.ie


State of Global Air-2019 report released

The Health Effects Institute (HEI) and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) recently released a comprehensive report on global exposure to air pollution and its disease burden, titled ‘State of Global Air 2019’. A few major findings, as included in the report, are given below:

More than 90% of the people worldwide live in areas exceeding the limits specified in the WHO guidelines for healthy air.
Air pollution reduces life expectancy by an average of one year and eight months worldwide, a global impact rivaling that of smoking. This means that, on an average, a child born today will die 20 months sooner than would be expected in the absence of air pollution.
Air pollution is among the highest ranked five risk factors for population health globally, shortening life by an average of 20 months around the globe.
Air pollution contributed to almost five million deaths globally — nearly one in every ten — in 2017.
PM2.5 pollution contributed to nearly three million early deaths in 2017. More than 50% of this disease burden fell on people living in China and India.
Ozone pollution accounted for nearly half a million early deaths worldwide in 2017.
In 2017, exposure to PM2.5 was the third leading risk factor for type 2 diabetes deaths and Disability-Adjusted Life Years, after high blood sugar and high body mass index.

For more details, visit https://www.stateofglobalair.org


World

UAE honours PM Narendra Modi with Zayed Medal

The President of the UAE Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan conferred the highest civilian honour, Zayed Medal, on Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 4 April 2019, for providing a boost to bilateral relations between the two countries.
Taking to social media, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi tweeted, ‘We have historical and comprehensive strategic ties with India, reinforced by the pivotal role of my dear friend, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who gave these relations a big boost. In appreciation of his efforts, the UAE President grants him the Zayed Medal.’
The PM in response tweeted, ‘Thank you, Your Highness Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan. I accept this honour with utmost humility. Under your visionary leadership, our strategic ties have reached new heights. This friendship is contributing to the peace and prosperity of our people and planet.’
A few other recipients of this award include General Pervez Musharraf, Queen Elizabeth II, Beatrix, Xi and Jinping.
For more details, visit https://www.businesstoday.in

Russia honours PM Narendra Modi with ‘Order of St Andrew, the Apostle’

The Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi was honoured with the ‘Order of St Andrew, the Apostle’ award, the highest civilian award of Russia, on 12 April 2019. The award was presented to the PM for his outstanding achievements in strengthening ties between India and Russia.
The order is conferred on those offering ‘exceptional services contributing to the prosperity, greatness and glory of Russia’, as well as on heads of foreign governments for their ‘outstanding services to the Russian Federation’.
Other foreign dignitaries to receive the award previously include Russian author, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn; President of the People’s Republic of China, Xi Jinping; President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev; and Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow.
For more details, visit https://www.financialexpress.com

Sri Lanka becomes a victim of terror attacks

Seven suicide bombers carried out terrorist attacks on three churches and three hotels in Sri Lanka on 21 April 2019, Easter Sunday. The bombings killed over 250 people and and left several hundreds injured. The terror group ISIS has claimed responsibility for the deadly bombings. According to a report published in The New York Times, the Sri Lankan authorities were warned of possible attacks 12 days before the bombings.
Around a week after the attack, the Sri Lankan Government banned burqa, niqab or any kind of face covering veil in public.
For more details, visit http://time.com

Comedian Zelensky wins Ukrainian Presidential Elections

Popular comedian, Volodymyr Zelenskiy was elected as the President of Ukraine on 21 April 2019. The 41-year-old TV star has no political background and has clearly shown the world that ‘anything is possible’.
Zelenskiy garnered 73.17 % of the votes as compared to 24.5 % for President Petro Poroshenko. This is the first time that a Jewish person has rose to the position of President in Ukraine.
Zelensky’s pre-election agenda stated that he wants a Ukraine ‘where you can open a business in an hour, get a passport in 15 minutes, and vote in elections in one second, on the Internet.’ However, critics comment that changing his dreams into a reality could prove to be quite tricky and challenging.

For more details, visit https://www.nytimes.com

‘Children need to play more’, says WHO

According to a report published by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 24 April 2019, children under the age of five years must spend less time in prams or confined to a seat and should be left free to play in order to promote healthy growth.
This report on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for children under five years of age has been developed by a panel of experts at WHO. It further suggests that a lifestyle comprising physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep habits is developed early in life and stays through adolescence and into adulthood.
Take a look at the recommendations below:

Infants (less than one year) should
be physically active several times a day in a variety of ways.
not be restrained for more than one hour at a time.
have 14–17 hours (0–3 months of age) or 12–16 hours (4–11 months of age) of good quality sleep.

Children in the age group of 1-2 years should
spend at least 180 minutes in a variety of physical activities of any intensity.
not be restrained for more than one hour at a time. For one-year-olds, sedentary screen time (such as watching TV or videos, playing computer games) is not recommended. For those aged two, sedentary screen time should be not more than one hour; less is better.)
have 11-14 hours of good quality sleep.

Children 3-4 years of age should
spend at least 180 minutes in a variety of physical activities of any intensity.
not be restrained for more than one hour at a time.
have 10–13 hours of good quality sleep.

For more details, visit https://www.who.int

UNFPA State of World Population Report-2019 published

The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) recently published its State of World Population Report 2019, titled ‘Unfinished Business – the pursuit of rights and choices for all’ .” The report focuses on five major areas: population, maternal and newborn health, family planning, education, fertility and life expectancy.
Here are some findings of the report:

The world population increased by an average annual rate of 1.1 percent between 2010 and 2019.
The global life expectancy rate (at birth), as of 2019, is 72 years.
The total fertility rate, per woman, worldwide, as recorded in 2019, is 2.5.
Every day, over 500 girls and women, including those living in countries with emergency settings, die during pregnancy.

The report, however, goes on to state that education is the answer to many of these problems. It mentions that ‘education enhances women’s understanding of their place in society, provides them with the skills and information to exercise their voice in relationships, and enables them to negotiate for their own interests.’

For more details, visit https://www.unfpa.org

Mali’s Prime Minister resigns

Amidst growing insecurity in West Africa, including the recent Ogossagou massacre, Mali’s Prime Minister, Soumeylou Boubeye Maiga, announced his resignation along with his entire cabinet in April 2019.
The statement released by the President’s office informing about Maiga’s resignation further mentioned that his successor will be announced soon after consultations with all political forces.
Ever since the country gained independence from France in 1960, the country has had 16 prime ministers, in addition to three acting prime ministers and Modibo Keita, who served the nation on two non-consecutive occasions. Soumeylou Boubeye Maiga was elected Prime Minister in December 2017.
For more details, visit https://www.washingtonpost.com

Science & Technology

ISRO launches EMISAT along with 28 other satellites

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched EMISAT, an electronic intelligence satellite, along with 28 international customer satellites from Satish Dhawan Space Center (SDSC), in Sriharikota on 1 April 2019. The objective of these satellites is to measure the electromagnetic spectrum.
The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C45), through which these satellites have been launched, is the first flight of its QL variant having four strap-ons.
Congratulating the team on its success, ISRO Chairman Dr K Sivan said, ‘Today’s PSLV mission was unique in several ways. It was a four strap-on new variant, the vehicle achieved three different orbits and for the first time the PS4 stage is powered by solar panels,’ Dr Sivan said. He added that a new PSLV team executed the mission.
Till date, PSLV has launched 46 national satellites, 10 satellites built by students from Indian universities and 297 international customer satellites.
For more details, visit https://www.isro.gov.in

NASA’s InSight records first ‘Marsquake’

The American space agency, NASA, recorded the first ever seismic event on Mars on 6 April 2019. The robotic lander designed to study the deep interiors of the red planet, known as Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport or InSight, recorded trembling from inside the planet.
The mystery behind the cause of this first likely ‘quake’ on Mars is yet to be unfolded. Nevertheless, the signal is an exciting milestone for the entire team.
Lori Glaze, Planetary Science Division Director at NASA headquarters, said, ’The Martian Sol 128 event is exciting because its size and longer duration fit the profile of moonquakes detected on the lunar surface during the Apollo missions.’
The lander was launched in the Elysium Planitia region of Mars on 26 November 2018.
For more details, visit https://www.nasa.gov

’Mercury has a massive solid inner core’, reveals NASA

The Messenger Mission launched by NASA revealed that Mercury has a massive solid inner core. The revelation published in Geophysical Research Letters on 10 April 2019, informs that the inner core of Mercury is 2,000 kilometres in diameter and makes up about half of the planet’s entire core. Mercury’s outer core, on the other hand, is composed of liquid metal, similar to that of Earth.
The scientists used data from NASA’s Messenger mission, which orbited Mercury between 2011 and 2015, to reach this conclusion.
For more details, visit https://www.sciencenews.org

World’s biggest aircraft launched

The world’s largest aircraft, Stratolaunch, took off on its first flight over the Mojave Desert in California, early on 13 April 2019. The white airplane that was airborne for nearly two-and-a-half hours has a record-breaking wingspan of 385 feet. The 500,000-pound aircraft built by Stratolaunch is powered by six engines on a twin fuselage.
Congratulating the efforts, the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Stratolaunch, Jean Floyd, said, ‘Today’s flight furthers our mission to provide a flexible alternative to ground launched systems. We are incredibly proud of the Stratolaunch team, today’s flight crew, our partners at Northrup Grumman’s Scaled Composites and the Mojave Air and Space Port.’
This aircraft is designed to fly up to an altitude of 35,000 feet, where it can drop rockets that would ignite to deploy satellites.
For more details, visit https://www.theverge.com

‘NIRBHAY’ missile successfully test-fired

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test-fired the sixth flight of ‘Nirbhay’ missile from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) on Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha, on 15 April 2019. The flight test achieved all its objectives, from the lift-off till the final splash.
It is India’s first indigenously designed and developed missile and is guided by a highly advanced inertial navigation system. The 1,000-km range subsonic cruise missile can carry around 200-300 kilograms of warhead and is capable of loitering (cruising for a certain amount of time over a small region) and cruising at 0.7 Mach at an altitude as low as 100 metres.
For more details, visit https://thediplomat.com

Sri Lanka launches country’s first satellite, ‘Raavana 1

Sri Lanka launched its first satellite, Raavana 1, into space from Wallops Flight Facility (WFF) located on the eastern shore of Virginia, United States on 18 April 2019.
This research satellite, built at the Kyushu Institute of Technology in Japan by two Sri Lankan engineers, Tharindu Dayaratne and Dulani Chamika, weighs around 1.05 kilograms and has a lifespan of one-and-a-half years.
For more details, visit https://colombogazette.com

Nepal launches its first satellite

Nepal launched its first satellite, NepaliSat-1, from Virginia, US, at 2:31 am (Nepal time) on April 18. This satellite, sent into space with an objective of gathering detailed geographical information of the Himalayan nation, was developed by Nepali scientists, Aabhas Maskey and Hariram Shrestha.
Congratulating the team and the entire nation, Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli tweeted, ’Though a humble beginning, with the launching of NepaliSat-1, Nepal has entered the space era. I wish to congratulate all those scientists and institutions that were involved right from the development to its launching thereby enhancing the prestige of our country.’
According to details shared by the Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), this low-orbit satellite will stay within 400 kilometres of the surface of the Earth. It will be stationed at the International Space Station for a month and will then be sent to orbit the Earth.
NAST has invested nearly 20 million on this satellite weighing 1.3 kilograms.
For more details, visit https://www.businesstoday.in

Indian Navy launches guided missile destroyer ‘Imphal’

The Indian Navy launched its third guided missile destroyer at Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders, Mumbai, on 20 April 2019. The destroyer, named Imphal, is 163 metres in length and 17.4 metres at the beam and has a displacement of 7.300 tonnes. The ship was launched at 12:20 pm by Reena Lanba, President of Navy Wives Welfare Association and wife of Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba.
A contract for four destroyers was signed under Project 15Bravo (15B). The first ship, INS Vishakhapatnam was launched in April 2015 and the second ship, INS Mormugao, was launched in September 2016. Just like the other ships, INS Imphal has been designed by the Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design, New Delhi.
These ships are equipped with state-of-the-art weapons and sensors, including multi-functional surveillance radars and vertically launched missile systems for long distance engagement of shore, sea-based and air targets.
For more details, visit https://www.tribuneindia.com

Third planet discovered in Kepler 47 system

Researchers from San Diego State University have discovered a new planet in the Kepler-47 system. The planet, named Kepler-47d, was detected via the transit method.
It is the largest of the three planets found so far in the Kepler-47 system, which is a 3.5-billion-year-old binary star system located 3,340 light-years away from Earth. The planet whose size is roughly between the sizes of Neptune and Saturn has an equilibrium temperature of 50 degrees F. The previously discovered planets have been named Kepler-47b and Kepler-47c.
For more details, visit https://exoplanets.nasa.gov

Remains of new human species found in the Philippines

Remains of a new species of humans, known as Homo luzonensis, have been found on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Several body parts, including foot and hand bones, a partial leg bone and teeth of at least three individuals, most likely two adults and one child, were found in Callao Cave on the island.
A few findings made by the scientists are listed below.
The bones are around 65,000 years old.
Since their toes and finger bones are curved, it is quite possible that they were adept at climbing. However, researchers conclude that it is unlikely for them to have lived on trees.
The existence of Homo luzonensis was previously unknown to humans.
It can be speculated from the fossils that the members of species were short in stature, about three feet tall.
They, most probably, used stone tools.
The discovery was first published in Nature, an international journal of science.
For more details, visit https://www.bbc.com

First ever image of a black hole released

With the help of data collected by the global network of telescopes, scientists released the first-ever image of a black hole on 10 April 2019, thereby creating a milestone in astrophysics. The image reveals the black hole at the centre of Messier 87, one of the most massive galaxies in the Virgo galaxy cluster. One of the scientists who played a major role in the development of the picture is Dr. Katie Bouman. The 29-year-old imaging scientist developed an algorithm, Continuous High-resolution Image Reconstruction using Patch (CHIRP), that eventually led to the construction of the image.
A black hole is an extremely dense object that exhibits a strong gravitational force such that no particle, not even light can pass through it. Black holes are believed to be formed by collapsed stars.
For more details, visit https://www.nasa.gov

Scientists find a new state of matter

According to the report published by the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team led by scientists from the University of Edinburgh has found a new state of matter, the chain-melted state, that allows atoms to exist in both solid and liquid state at the same time. Potassium is one such element that forms a solid lattice structure, when high temperature and pressure is applied on it. The scientists used powerful computer simulations to study the existence of this state.

Besides potassium, the scientists also found that almost half a dozen other elements, such as sodium and bismuth, were able to reach the chain-melted state, when put into the right environments.
For more details, visit https://www.nationalgeographic.com

Miscellaneous

Pulitzer Prize 2019 winners announced

The winners and finalists of this year’s Pulitzer Prize were announced at the Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism, New York on 15 April 2019. The award is given in 14 journalism categories, and seven art categories which include letters, drama and music . In addition, two special citations were also announced. The winners of the prestigious prize receive a cash prize of $15,000.
Some of this year’s winners include South Florida Sun Sentinel (Public Service), Hannah Dreier of ProPublica (Feature Writing), The Overstory by Richard Powers (Fiction), and Be With by Forrest Gander (Poetry). The two special citations were presented to Aretha Franklin (posthumous) and Capital Gazette, Annapolis, Mayland.

For more details, visit https://www.pulitzer.org

TIME’s ‘100 Most Influential People’ list released

TIME magazine released its 16th edition of the annual ‘100 Most Influential People’ for 2019. The list is divided into five categories, namely Pioneers, Artists, Leaders, Icons and Titans.
The list includes Greta Thunberg, Dwayne Johnson, Mukesh Ambani, Xi Jinping, Imran Khan, Crown Prince Mohamed bin Zayed of Abu Dhabi, Taylor Swift, Michelle Obama, Lady Gaga, Mark Zuckerberg, Tiger Woods, Donald Trump, Naomi Osaka, to name a few.

For more details, visit https://economictimes.indiatimes.com

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